Ancient land of the Quechuas, Aymaras, Uros, Pacajes and Puqinas, the Titilaca Lake was considered as the cradle of the most influent pre-hispanic cultures in the Andes. From the 9th century, various independent kings arose that competed against each other until the middle of the 15th century, when the Incas conquered this region. The region was very important for the Incas regarding the production of wool and meat. Nowadays, in the region of Puno, the agricultural exploitation and ancestral rites as for instance offerings to the land are still very present. In 1978 the Titicaca Lake Reserve was created with the goal of preserving its fauna and flora and the beauty of its landscapes. In this reserve, 60 types of birds, 14 species of native fishes and 18 species of amphibians, betweem which the giant frog of the Lake that can reach 3 kg, were registered.